WFP Iraq has provided multi-purpose cash assistance (MPCA) pilot repatriation aid to 3,600 vulnerable households in east and west Mosul to meet their basic needs after returning from conflict-related displacement.
Cash was provided through mobile money transfer (MMT), where certain beneficiaries were notified by phone and then withdrew their cash from several cell phone shops in Mosul to help the most vulnerable and fill the gap before families had access to state safety nets. All beneficiaries received an initial one-off payment of USD 400 per household, and two additional payments were made to a smaller number of the hardest-hit households in east and west Mosul.
With the support of RBC M&E, a pre / post monitoring was carried out to measure the results of the basic needs of the supported people before and after the WFP-MPCA, to inform the program of the results and to answer the following two main questions:
• Were households (as assumed) tied into government safety net systems at the time the MPCA closed?
• Did the one-time and three-time cash transfers help meet the basic needs of households and restore their lives in an appropriate and dignified manner after they returned from displacement?
The sample consisted of 399 households at the time of baseline and 341 households at the time of distribution, both of which were selected as representative of the population by means of a simple random sample. The baseline was conducted between October and December 2017 and PDM was collected at the end of February 2018. The following map shows PDM coverage and survey locations in West and East Mosul.
The proportion of supported families receiving benefits in kind through the PDS rose from 50 percent at the beginning to 80 percent at the time of the MPCA’s end, meaning that most were re-entered into the government’s social safety net within the expected three-month timeframe were, a very positive result.
WFP’s MPCA helped families returning to Mosul meet their basic needs and rebuild their lives as most of the indicators were relatively stable and showed minor improvements after receiving WFP support.
MPCA likely had additional positive secondary effects on supervised households that could help them be more resilient in the long run, as families were less likely to spend savings (94 to 64 percent) and less likely to sell productive wealth (84 to 40 percent) after they received have MPCA.
As a more dignified and appropriate modality, as 100 percent of respondents preferred cash, those seeking help redefined their spending on non-food items, namely debt settlement and house renovation. This has been a primary goal of the MPCA, by providing cash to returnees with the ability to rebuild their lives while meeting the specific basic needs of their families.