Queen Elizabeth II was the only British monarch to celebrate silver, gold, diamond and platinum jubilees, marking 25, 50, 60 and 70 years on the throne.
Here’s a look back at how the celebrations marked constants and changes in British society and Britain’s relationship with its royal family.
– 1977 Silver Jubilee –
The celebrations saw street parties across the country as people hung British flags and brought their tables to the road for patriotic communal feasts.
An estimated one million people saw the monarch’s carriage procession through London.
The sovereign repeated her vows of service, launched a chain of beacons across the country and took a boat trip along the Thames.
A rare crown, a 25 pence coin, has been minted and the new section of the London Underground has been named the Jubilee Line.
“These 25 years have seen a lot of change for Britain,” said Queen Elizabeth.
“No longer an imperial power, we have come to understand what this means for ourselves and for our relationship with the rest of the world,” she said.
She said that developments in science, technology and medicine have improved people’s lives, not to mention television.
In more social times, communities held sporting events, competitions, parties, parades and fundraisers.
The celebration was a ray of light amid the economic gloom – but not everyone participated.
The Sex Pistols released their punk anthem “God Save The Queen” and marched through parliament to perform it in a notorious stunt.
– Golden Jubilee 2002 –
After the turbulent 1990s and the monarchy’s fall in popularity, newspapers predicted the event would be a flop marked by cynicism and apathy.
However, the Golden Jubilee brought back the feel-good factor and allowed Britons to once again show their support for the Royal Family.
The sovereign lost her sister Princess Margaret in February and her 101-year-old mother Queen Elizabeth in March, sparking public sympathy.
Street parties were back, but not on the scale of 1977.
A pop concert in the garden of Buckingham Palace was capped off by the Queen’s guitarist Brian May playing the national anthem on the roof as a million people filled the streets outside.
The monarch’s grandsons, Princes William and Harry, were seen in public with their future mother-in-law Camilla for the first time.
An appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace was topped by a Concorde flypast.
“Anyone who can remember what things were like after those six long years of war appreciates the immense changes that have been made since then,” Queen Elizabeth said.
“I think we can look back with measured pride.”
– Diamond Jubilee 2012 –
The jubilee was part of a golden summer for Britain, with the London 2012 Olympics taking place in July and August.
The June 2-5 celebrations were inspired by jubilees past, with a river show, lighthouses, thanksgiving service and pop concert.
The 1,000 boat contest was the largest flotilla on the Thames in 350 years. An estimated 1.2 million people lined the banks to watch, despite torrential rain.
The monarch’s husband, Prince Philip, on the lead barge, then spent five nights in hospital with a bladder infection.
The concert, in front of Buckingham Palace, was organized by Take That’s Gary Barlow.
An estimated 8.5 million people took part in the Big Jubilee Lunch rallies, which replaced street parties.
The Houses of Parliament clock tower was renamed the Elizabeth Tower and the Olympic Park also took its name.
The appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace featured only Queen Elizabeth, Prince Charles and his family, signaling the future direction of the monarchy.
‘I rededicate myself to your service,’ Queen Elizabeth said, calling it ‘a moment to give thanks for the great progress that has been made since 1952 and to look to the future with a clear head and a warm heart. “.
The event was a hit on the monarchy’s social media.
Platinum Jubilee 2022 –
The June 2-5 celebrations were the last public celebration of Queen Elizabeth’s reign.
The 96-year-old was without Prince Philip, who died in 2021.
Britain was now outside the European Union, with a cost of living crisis taking hold.
Queen Elizabeth has only made limited appearances due to her mobility issues, but she appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace using a cane.
Jubilee beacons were lit in all Commonwealth capitals.
The Royal Mint has issued commemorative crowns, worth £5.
In a country plagued by televised baking contests, the Platinum Pudding contest was won by a combination of Swiss Lemon Roll and Amaretti Trifle.
The Platinum Party at the Palace concert got off to a memorable start with Queen Elizabeth interacting with a computer-generated Paddington Bear, tapping the beat “We Will Rock You” on her teacup.
Four hundred drones formed a light show above the palace.
“While I may not have attended every event in person, my heart is with you all and I remain committed to serving you to the best of my ability,” the monarch said.
Queen Elizabeth died three months later